"How Do I Evolve From Confusion and Chaos to a Capable, Strong, Compassionate Woman?" Age 15 For a complex set of reasons, most of what is known about adolescent girls focuses on the problems they face.
"We found that one year later, boys who were exposed to the Coaching Boys into Men program reported less abuse perpetration against their dating partners, so it certainly is an exciting program for sure," she said.
Coaches present the program to student-athletes throughout the season, Mc Cauley said.
Still, it's up to coaches to teach the kids that while it's okay to be aggressive in the sport, they still have to do the right things away from the game, he said.
Athletes who have a win-at-all-costs attitude, or a 'high win orientation' might be more prone to violence, Merten added.
"So this indicates that there's something in the environment of these youths even beyond these gender attitudes that is sending the message that it's acceptable to use aggression and violence off the field and in their dating relationships," she said.
In past research, Mc Cauley has also studied the Coaching Boys into Men program, created by the organization Futures Without Violence to engage men and boys in the prevention of violence against women and girls.
"It was really fascinating - boys who play football and basketball were more likely to hold hypermasculine attitudes compared to their peers playing in other sports," Mc Cauley said.
"But interestingly, even after accounting for these attitudes, boys who played football or both football and basketball were more likely to have recently abused their dating partners," Mc Cauley said.
The fact that many adolescent girls are showing remarkable strength, resiliency, and "hardiness" during the stressful time of adolescence needs to be explored.
Instead of focusing on the storm and stress of adolescence, a new understanding of adolescent girls that affirms their strength and resilience needs to be developed.
He said there's a "spillover theory" that says "what you do in your everyday life tends to spillover" into relationships.